Friday, May 11, 1962 – Survival kit, biological measurements, spacewalk requirements


A two-day meeting on Gemini crew support systems has identified seven parameters to be measured for determining crew conditions during the Gemini flights. The instruments needed for the highest priority items — blood pressure, electrocardiogram, phonocardiogram, electroencephalogram, respiration, galvanic skin response, and body temperature — would require about three and a half pounds per pilot, require two watt-hours of power, and demand the shared use of six telemetry channels. Approved for development, then, are measurements of the electrocardiogram, respiration rate and depth, oral temperature, blood pressure, phonocardiogram, and nuclear radiation dose.

Also approved was the basic plan for a postlanding survival kit. It is to strongly resemble that used in the Mercury Program. Each kit weighs about 24 pounds, and both pilots are to have one.

The Gemini Project Office has directed McDonnell to determine what will be involved in opening and closing the spacecraft hatches on orbit. The Life Sciences Division of the Manned Spacecraft Center is to determine what features on the pressure suit will be needed to provide a 15-minute extravehicular or “spacewalk” capability.

In a separate decision the Manned Spacecraft Center has decided to establish a liaison office at Martin-Baltimore.

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